Disaster Resilient Unit of the Plantation Sector


The Ten District declared as natural hazard prone in Sri Lanka are covering the Plantation sector which is in a vulnerable situation as the Plantation consists of over 1½ million populations and with the poor condition of shelter and sanitation.

As this community is the backbone of the country’s economy and most prone to disasters. There are large amounts of Human Life lost with the displacement of life of the community. Central Hills and the other highly elevation areas are the most affected by Natural Disasters.

The Plantation also consists of Man-Made Hazard area where illegal cutting of Tree’s, construction of unauthorized structures, drains being blocked and diverted for the needs of the community, which could be identified as disaster prone.

Sri Lanka being an island nation in the Indian Ocean and in the pathway of 2 monsoons that finds the needs of all our agricultural industry/irrigation needs all etc., and is a vital source of a lifetime to all life forms in the country.

The pollution, deforestation and all other Human Activities directed towards hazards, the Mother Earth’s life sustain blessings have now become a hazard.

The main cause hazard in Plantations in Sri Lanka

  • Wind Damage
  • Land Slides
  • Floods
  • House fire


Goals & Objectives

The Central Hills and the other High Elevation areas are the most affected by these hazards mainly landslides, floods, with this a large amount of Human life lost or displaced and lots of places of occupations and valuables are too lost every year amounting to millions of rupees in losses.

In addition the proposal is custom made to the Plantation Community as these people are the most affected at the times of these calamities as they largely live in the Central Hills and in the Direct Path of all these hazardous and the community and the management of the plantation was in need of an effective 1st respondents and major assistance at these periods.


Question and Answers (FAQs)

  1. Why it is essential to have a Disaster Resilient Unit for Plantation.

The Plantation community lives in an isolated area consists of Hill Country where the movement of relief could take a day or two depending on the location as such the PHDT as the 1st Respondent team could leave immediately and provide the basic needs of relief until emergencies arrive.

  1. How to contact the Resilient Unit of the PHDT?

The Call Centre is situated at the PHDT Kandy Regional Office with 081-5 635 852 as the 24 hours emergency contact nos, and with the Regional Directors of the respective regions of PHDT as co-coordinating members of the unit.

  1. What are the responsibilities of the Resilient Unit of PHDT?

Our prime objective is to move to the site of the disaster to cater to Shelter and Sanitation needs of the victims. Includes the Roofing Sheets or the Tents and to make sure that the victims are taken care until emergencies arrive.

  1. How will PHDT Resilient Team Move?

On receipt of the Emergency Call, the unit will coordinate with the Manager & Welfare Officer of the said Estate and will assess the situation and the damage caused due to the disaster. Will also list out the items required with items in our hand and would dispatch the same to the Estate concern with the necessity of the site.

This will be segregated and separated differently as for Men, Women, Children, and elders.

  1. Who are the Stakeholders on this Project?

The Stakeholders on this project are as follows:

  • Government of Sri Lanka
  • Regional Plantation Companies
  • Trade Unions
  • Local Government Bodies
  • Local Politicians
  • PHDT
  • INGO’s and NGO’s

With the Demand for the assistance to be a lifeline to the Communities at the time of this disaster which needed humanitarian assistance in relation to the Plantations.

The concept emerged to create and formulate effective and a sustainable body for organization and a team with commitment and a positive drive to serve those who are in need.


The Concept successfully unfolded to this effective proposal of forming the PHDT Disaster Resilient Unit.

In the sessions that follow with the Brain Storming the below mentioned items were formed

  1. Creating of PHDT Disaster Resilient Unit at the PHDT Kandy


The decision for a Central Control Unit was made for the purpose of monitoring and effective management purpose in comparing the location was selected as Kandy Regional Office as situated in close approximate to Badulla, Ratnapura, Nuwara Eliya and Hatton regions of the PHDT. That covers large amount of the recognized and categorized disaster affected districts, and taking into consideration the logistical and management convenience at times of calamities.


The PHDT Disaster Resilient Unit Team given below

The Facilitators from the HO

  1. Director General
  2. Director Finance & Administration
  3. Director Engineering
  4. Director Health

The Management Team

  1. Director Engineer
  2. Civil Engineer
  3. The Manager HR & Admin
  4. Manager Transport & Logistics
  5. Manager IT

The Central Control Unit

  1. Deputy Regional Director – Kandy
  2. The Accountant – Kandy
  3. The Manager Health – Kandy
  4. The Community Development Assistant – Kandy
  5. The Accounts Assistant – Kandy
  6. The Office Assistant – Kandy


  1. A comparative Study of disaster related hazards in the country and in the local areas specializing in the area mapping accordingly.

This category is formed to have an analytical background for the purpose of better understanding to draw up risk plans for each separate district with different disaster categories.

To achieve the successful completion we will need to work with the specific Governmental Organization who is specialized in this field.

In addition to risk mapping this plan of action will help us to do the pre-disaster management plan by recognizing highly density community areas with very low to nothing mitigation work, that would be prone to hazards in the future with the collection of these data’s we will be able to comprise a successful and efficient software and hardware activities implementation and developing mitigation activities, resettlement plans and community awareness on preventing measures.

  1. Create Estate wise hazard prone maps with the collaboration of the Plantation and the Government Organization specializing in these subjects and donor agencies.

In relevance to the point 2 the local area mapping would be subdivided to the Plantation Level (Estate Wise/Division Wise) so that the local authorities and mainly the plantation management and its community would be kept on WARNING mode in cases of high rainfall and etc., this would be an Early Response Mode.

Once in proper order would create a platform of effective and sustainable Disaster Management Model.

  1. Create a Pre and Post of Disaster Management

With a success of Initial data Collection mapping of Disaster prone areas, we would be able to draw the plan for Pre and Post Disaster Management which will be a formula structured on identified areas on priority basis on the prowess to the disaster.

  1. Creating a blanket coverage programme on mitigation and community awareness on preventing disaster hazardous.

This part of the proposal is mainly structured on the prevention methodology plan.

Studies have shown these disasters have occurred mainly due to Human error activities such as Deforestation, Poor Mitigation Plans, Environment Pollution, and Poor Waste Water Management.

With the relevant studies that are mentioned above, we will be planning and carrying out hardware and software activities to prevent calamities of this nature with the relevant stakeholders.

  1. Creating collaboration with the other Stake Holders as an alliance for Risk and Disaster Management.

The formation stakeholders as Alliance for Risk and Disaster Management will be prominently used on bridging the gaps and shortcoming in implementing preventive and relief measures at the time of national need.

With the proper structuring of the unit, all stakeholder bodies will work in co-existence in achieving the sustainability of the Disaster Management and it’s a positive impact on the community.

  1. Formulating the specialized plan of action for Post Disaster Management.

The Specialized plan of the PHDT Disaster Resilient Unit will be based on

  • Shelters,
  • Sanitation,
  • Water Supply

Emergency Medical Supply

With the collaboration of the stake holders, this specialized role is taken up by the PHDT as we have developed good knowledge and experience in the above-mentioned category and especially the co-ordination that we have developed with the Planation management and community.

  1. Creating of sub Disaster Resilient Units with the 6 Regional offices covering of PHDT.

As the PHDT is currently having this strong coverage using the effectiveness of this mechanism these separate regions will co-operate with the CDRU as 1st Respondent to their regional coverage of estates.

  1. Nuwara Eliya-RD
  2. Hatton-RD
  3. Badulla-RD
  4. Ratnapura-RD
  5. Kegalle-RD
  6. Galle-RD
  7. Formation of a Disaster Relief Material Management Division

This Division of the Units will be specialized on necessary management of equipment needed in the relief operation and I give below the current status of Material at the CDRU and the need of Materials for effective relief operations.

  1. Materials would be made available with the UNIT in Kandy
    1. Tents
    2. Roofing Sheets
    3. Water tanks
    4. First aid kits
    5. Linen
    6. Selected Drugs
    7. Generator
    8. Ambulance
    9. Mobile Toilets
  1. Formation of a Plantation Disaster Management Call Center with Hotline.

This Division will be handling the informed Emergencies corresponding and coordinating the operations with the stakeholders for rapid deployments of relief measures.

0113 88 88 52- 24 hours Service -OIC

  1. Formation of Disaster Relief Logistic Division.

This Division is formed to assist the DRU and its subdivision with transportation of essentials, relief materials, Medical Emergencies and the transporting of 1st Respondent Team.

  1. Organizing training programmes for the 1st Respondents to the Regional and Plantation Level.

This will be a series of Training programmes for the 1st respondent’s team to develop professionalism and knowledge to better serve the Plantations and its community at the times of much needed.

Some of the Programmes are given below

  1. First Aid Training
  2. Recognizing Disaster
  3. Relief Management
  4. Emergency Action Plan and etc.,
  1. Regional Plantation Disaster Management Steering Committee meetings with all Stake Holders.

This formation is made to the analyst to evaluate and structure policies among the stakeholders and administrators so that the regional level Disaster Management Team could be Administered and Mobilized accordingly.

  1. Creating the Disaster Resilient Re Settlement Planning

This is the Final Measure of the proposal which should be collaboration among the stakeholders on giving Disaster Housing for prone victims and Disaster affected victims.

This will be House to House Plans for the beneficiaries for them to develop their families and livelihoods and to sustain their future.



011 3 88 88 52

(24 hours Service by Officer in charge)

Plantation Human Development Trust,

No: 01, Balakotuwa Camp Road, Pallekale,

Kandy, Sri Lanka.

help@phdt.lk / aa_kdy@phdt.lk

Contact Form: Click Here


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