Our Sector

The Plantation sector occupies a significant position in Sri Lanka’s economy contributing almost 30% of foreign exchange to the country


Around two centuries ago, the British introduced Tea to Sri Lanka, bringing the Tamil community from Southern parts of India to work in the coffee, tea and rubber plantations as laborers. Since then this community has sweated for the development of the Sri Lankan economy.

Nearly one million (1 Mn) out of Sri Lankan population of 20 Mn reside on the Plantations and all of whom are now citizens of Sri Lanka . Of this 320,000 people are employed in the Plantation sector while the number of dependents extends to over a million people.

Some 70% of the workers are permanently employed, 10% are casual employees while the balance 20% is made up of outside labour- who do not live on the estates. Approximately 51% of the labour force comprises women.

Plantations occupy approximately 230,000 hectares of land area, of which about 190,000 hectares are cultivated. The Plantation sector accounts for nearly 45%. of the country’s tea production and 42% of its rubber production.

The tea industry is still the single largest agricultural export industry both in terms of volume and net foreign earnings. The government agencies mandated to develop of the local tea industry is making every effort to help the Plantations increase production and expand exports.
The Plantation sector is also an important producer of other agricultural products like vegetables, milk and fruits to the local market, mostly produced by estate residents as an additional source of income.

Most of the workers are descendants of Indian Tamil workers brought by British colonial planters who pioneered the growing of tea and rubber plantations on the island, eventually making it the best product in any part of the world.
Sri Lankan tea going by the brand name CEYLON TEA is acknowledged as the best in the world while some particular types of rubber in Sri Lanka are exclusive to the rest of the World.